Let’s first understand how amps are measured. And also understand the difference between amps and watts, the two can be easily mistaken if not measured properly.
Amps and watts are two things you hear when it comes to the power your vacuum can consume. There is a wide difference between the two, as watt is an all-inclusive measurement of power while the amp is the quality of current drawn from the outlet.
Although the quantity of power drawn can still vary based on the voltage of the outlet. So to summarize what is being explained above, amps is the unit of the current flowing, while a watt is the unit of power measured.
Note: Amps can only be applicable to electricity while watts can be used for other forms of energy.
Do you get the picture now?
Okay! Read on.
How do you measure the amps in your vacuum cleaner?
One of the common specifications of your vacuum is the amps. The rating of the amperage appoints the maximum amount of electrical current consumed by all the electrical components of your vacuum when in operation.
The main component in your vacuum that consumes more electrical current will be the vacuum motor, but the rating takes into account all of the electrical components, which includes, the light bulb, power nozzle, and vacuum motor.
The maximum amp that can be “drawn” (the number of amps consumed by your vacuum cleaner when cleaning) from any household outlet is 12 amps. So this implies that amperage ratings above 12amps cross-check properly, as it may not be the actual rating but the manufacturer of the vacuum created performance rating meant to give the user an impression of an excellent performing vacuum cleaner.
Although the amperage of your vacuum cleaner refers to electricity consumption and not the cleaning performance per se, it is usually used to measure the input power of your vacuum cleaner to another. This happens as a result of the input power being measured in watts, at the same time amps gets converted into watts by multiplying by the volts. Normally volts are stable at 120V, so you can see a valid measurement of your amps by comparing with your motor input power.
To be sure you get the amp correctly, only measure the amp rating of the motor, not the whole vacuum.
You can see it as the amperage of your vacuum cleaner enables you to compare the input power of the vacuum motor and the whole machine. It’s good to know that just because a vacuum cleaner motor consumes more electricity, it doesn’t mean it would perform better in cleaning than other vacuum’s motor that consumes lesser electrical current.
It can also mean the amp ratings doesn’t measure how efficient the motor is, there are factors at play here, such as the number of fans the motor has (with two being preferable) and also the holistic view of the design of your vacuum cleaner
To summarize the main point is that amps can’t be seen as an indicator for an excellent suction power in your vacuum. So why is this so?
Do amps indicate excellent suction power?
As we explained earlier, amps measure the flow of electrical current from your outlet to the motor of your vacuum cleaner. Although they are a lot of vacuum cleaners that come with 12 amps as obviously as shown by their manufacturers this doesn’t necessarily mean that having a 12-amp vacuum cleaner guarantees you having the most powerful vacuum in the market. This depends on how the manufacturer aims to use the amp productively. Because some 12-amp vacuum cleaners perform better than other vacuum cleaners with similar amperage
Listed below are chief factors that come in to play when measuring the overall cleaning power of your vacuum cleaner:
• One factor is the manufacturer’s design, it definitely affects the performance. Some of these vacuums come with two or even three fans that work in harmony. Obviously, a motor that has more fans is better than one with just a fan. This improves the suction power (Vacuums with a two-motor fan typically produce better performance when using onboard attachments. Ideally, most canister vacuums are two-motor optimized. While one-motor are mostly upright vacuums).
• The floor nozzle and even the hose also affect the performance, especially if they are properly built with good quality
• The height settings also affect performance
• Canister indicator is also important, as emptying the canister when full is vital. The suction can be inefficient if the canister is full
• The filters also influence cleaning performance. If your filter is washable then follow the manufacturer’s manual to clean as instructed to get optimized airflow.
• Airflow is another factor that is often neglected, but the more airflow your vacuum cleaner has the better it cleans.
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It’s important you check all other factors along with the amps before buying a vacuum cleaner.
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